What is IAS Full Form? Indian Administrative Service

Indian Administrative Service

Founded 1858; 163 years ago
26 January 1950; 71 years ago
Country India
Staff college Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, Uttarakhand
Cadre controlling authority Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Minister responsible Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India and Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Legal personality Governmental; Civil Service
  • Public Policy formulation and implementation
  • Public Administration
  • Bureaucratic governance
  • Secretarial assistance
Cadre strength 4,926 members (3,511 officers directly recruited by the Union Public Service Commission and 1,415 officers promoted from state civil services)
Selection Civil Services Examination
Association IAS (Central) Association
Head of the civil services
Cabinet Secretary of India Rajiv Gauba, IAS

full form of ias

What is IAS Full Form?

IAS Full Form is the Indian Administrative Service. Lakhs of candidates aspire to become an IAS officer. Hence, it is important to know the details about the IAS exam. Know what is IAS in this article.

IAS Full Form
IAS Full Form

The Indian Administrative Services were known as the Imperial Civil Services during the British rule and for a long time. It is famous for being one of the toughest competitive exams in the world. However, we have covered everything you need to know about the IAS exam. From roles and benefits to how to become an IAS officer, we have covered it all. Union Public Service Commission is the central agency that conducts this exam. Established in the year 1858, it was named as Imperial Civil Service. However, it was changed to Indian Administrative Service on 26 January 1950 on the occasion of Republic Day. Also, the highest post among 24 other posts is that of an IAS officer. The 24 posts include IFS, IPS, IRS among many others. We bring you everything you need to know about the IAS exam.

What is IAS?

Indian Administrative Service is the job that almost everyone dreams of in India. It is at the top of the hierarchy among the other 24 services. IAS has a solid bureaucracy in India. Selected candidate is employed in Central Government, State Government and even in Public Sector. You must be wondering what are the roles and benefits and how to become an IAS officer. But before jumping on it, you must know what is IAS. At the same time lakhs of students try their luck and work hard to clear this exam. The jobs offered to the IAS aspirants are Collector, Commissioner, Chief Secretary, Cabinet Secretary and many other posts. It is important to understand the gravity of the work

Everything about IAS Exam Including Number of Attempts

The attempts given to the candidates are based on the categories. The general class can attempt up to 6 times. OBC can attempt 9 times. However, SC/ST can attempt any number of times. On the other hand, SC/ST can attempt it till they reach their maximum age. Limited efforts make it more difficult and toughest exam in India. Also, the minimum age to appear for the exam is 21 years. But the age also varies according to the category. General category can attempt up to 32 years, OBC can attempt up to 35 years while SC/ST can attempt up to 37 years.

Role of an IAS Officer

The role of an IAS officer depends on the assignments they get. Assignments are classified into 3 types.


State Secretariat

central secretariat

Field assignment is the toughest job among all. That’s why civil services exam is so tough. On the other hand, the functions of the civil service include:

To manage government affairs such as formulating, implementing and revising policies.

Meeting of various representatives for declared functions.

Distribution of funds of the Central Government allocated for various schemes.

Supervision of the implemented plans and policies of the government.

Quickly deal with emergencies like natural calamities, accidents, riots and act on relief policies.

The role of a civil servant is discussed below:

Field Assignment: The role of an IAS officer also involves field management. However, the levels are quite complex.

Sub-Divisional Functions: The Sub-Divisional Magistrate manages the law and order and looks after the development activities in the Sub-Divisional Department.

District Level Functions: The Collector or Deputy Commissioner has the same functions which are sub-divisional. He also looks after all the activities in the district level department.

However, the role of an IAS officer ends at the district level. But many of them also work in the state secretariat.

State Secretariat: This post involves advising representative policies and making decisions for the government using the experience of field assignments.

Public Sector Undertakings: Firstly, officers get jobs in Public Sector Undertakings and they are part of the higher management. Secondly, undertakings include power stations, industrial units and more.

Central Secretarial Functions: These appointed officers review policies and formulate their implementation for various ministries. Managing these duties is very difficult and requires highly intelligent candidate. That’s why it is so difficult to crack the exams. prepare for exam at home

How to become an IAS officer?

Everything about the IAS exam covers the process of becoming an IAS officer. To reach this coveted post, you have to clear the UPSC exam. Moreover, it consists of 3 stages: Prelims, Mains and Interview. Every year less than 1000 candidates are selected for a total of 24 posts. Let’s dive into the details of the process.

Preliminary Exam: It is known as Prelims. Also it consists of 2 papers, Paper 1 is of General Studies and consists of 100 questions. Whereas, Paper 2 is CSAT – it is an aptitude test and consists of 80 questions. However, both the papers are of 2 hours and carry 200 marks.

Main Exam: There are total 9 papers in this exam. The marks for only 7 papers are counted to rank the candidate and the rest 2 are of qualifying nature.

The results are declared at the end of May. And from there the training of selected candidates starts at various training centers. The candidates who clear the IAS exam are trained at LBSNAA located in Mussoorie. After that the duties are allocated.

how to crack civil services exam

There are many advantages of an IAS officer. But before that, you have to clear the UPSC exam which is not an easy task. Firstly, candidates must have a long-term strategy. Secondly, goal oriented students start preparing for the exam 12 months before the date. However, there are some students who have been ranked at the top in just a few months of preparation. What matters most is the quality of your study. IAS exam is much more than oral and written exam. It shows the personality and hard work of the candidate. Apart from this, you can also choose the best institute to prepare for the exam. But don’t forget that to become an IAS officer you have to be extremely hardworking and focused. Exams are a reflection of where you stand. Extreme hard work will do wonders for you.

pass percentage

Every year lakhs of people attempt the Civil Services Examination but only a few manage to clear it. Because of the benefits of an IAS officer, everyone wants this coveted post. But not everyone clears it, out of total candidates only 26% clear the first exam. Also, the exam is not easy, the percentage of the exam matters the most. In case you didn’t already know, only 15% of the candidates reach the interview stage. The shocking thing is that only 1% are successful in the final round and get selected. Only proper guidance and hard work can help you. That’s why it is the toughest exam in India. On the other hand, exam preparation takes time. But it totally depends on the intelligence of the candidate – some may prepare it in months but some take even 2 years.

Tips and Tricks to Crack IAS Exam

Here are some tips to crack the IAS exam fast. Follow them and work hard.

Read the syllabus thoroughly: Planning is important for you as you should plan accordingly to cover the entire syllabus. Divide the syllabus on the basis of easy, medium and difficult.

Previous Year Question Papers: You will get to know the exam pattern and understand what to study and what to skip. So, don’t skip these.

Discussion is important: To remember each and everything, you must develop the habit of discussing current affairs on a daily basis.

Mock Papers: Also develop the habit of solving mock papers regularly. This will make your mind sharp.

Newspaper : UPSC is looking forward to the dynamic part of the syllabus for all the three phases of the exam especially the preliminary exam. So develop the habit of reading daily newspaper and make notes out of them.

Diet and sleep: You should follow a healthy diet and also adopt a sleeping pattern. Make sure you get at least 7-8 hours of sleep. You can eat dry fruits to sharpen memory.

eligibility criteria

Candidates should have a degree from a recognized university.

Correspondence or distance education degree.

Lastly, the degree must be recognized by the Government of India.

Mentioned candidates are also eligible but they have to submit the required documents of their institute at the time of main exam.

Students who have done their graduation in MBBS but have not completed their internship.

Students who have passed ICAI, ICSI and ICWAI.

A private university degree.

A foreign university recognized by an Indian university.

Benefits of an IAS Officer

Firstly, there are many benefits of an IAS officer. Secondly, let’s look at the benefits and powers of an IAS officer.

Criminal Procedure Section-107,108, 109, 110, 144 and 176 of the Indian Penal Code empowers an IAS officer to maintain law and order.

The law of tenancy in respect of revenue empowers the collector.

Also Arm, Drug License, Essential Commodities Act is in the hands of an IAS officer. These are the main powers of an IAS officer. However, there are around 300 laws on a case by case basis. Also, the Department of Personnel and Training keeps updating the manual. In addition, civil servants are accountable to the state and central government.

IAS Salary as per 7th Pay Commission

The Government of India elects a Pay Commission to finalize the salaries of Central Government employees. Furthermore, the Indian government decides whether to choose or reject it. In addition, the rate of inflation affects wages. In short, it means that wages fluctuate according to the economy. However, the salary keeps on increasing over time. And everything from transport to house help is in government expenditure.

salary structure

The Seventh Pay Commission was approved by the cabinet on 29 June 2018. Apart from this, the IAS officer gets 56,100 as basic pay at the entry level. Then there is the 16,500 grade pay. Also the maximum salary of a senior IAS officer is 2,70,000. And there are additional perks:

dearness allowance

house rent allowance

Travel allowance

transportation allowance

medical allowance

These are just a few of the many perks that are offered to an IAS officer. So, the final estimated salary is:

Gross Pay = Basic Pay + Grade Pay + DA + HRA + CA + Other Allowances

HRA is generally 8-24% of both the payments, calculated as per city. Also, the IAS salary for Class A cities is 24%. It is 16% for Class B and 8% for Class C cities. However, accommodation is provided but without HRA. IAS salary can cover all the basic needs. Since most of the basic expenses are taken care of, they can save a considerable amount till retirement age.

IAS Salary During Training

IAS officers also get salary during training. But officially it is not salary, it is called special pay advance. However, this amount is 45,000 per month which they get during the entire period. In other words, at the end of the day, he gets 38,500 as 10,000 is deducted as bill for mess food, uniform, track suit, horse riding dress etc. It also includes other miscellaneous expenses.

IAS Basic Pay and Grade Pay by Rank

The entire IAS cadre is divided into 8 ranks or grades. Moreover, the basic pay keeps on increasing from time to time as they keep getting promotions. Also, promotion is based on service record and happens every 4-5 years. On the other hand, the salary of IAS depends on his experience, rank and pay grade. Also, the retirement package includes benefits like service vehicle, house help, protection for the family. In other words, these benefits and salary of an IAS officer can never be provided by the private sector. Though the salary in a private firm can be high, the respect that an IAS officer gets is incomparable.

The post of IAS is more than his salary. Not many people know how much hard work it takes to become an IAS officer. Moreover, some have no idea how strong and powerful the situation is. This is what makes it so difficult to crack the UPSC exam. In short, if you are thinking of becoming an IAS officer, prepare well at home.

Allowances and allowances other than IAS salary

An IAS officer is given a number of perks and allowances. Also, the government provides much more than the private sector. Here are some other benefits apart from IAS salary:

Accommodation – IAS officers get big houses as accommodation by the government. In addition, it is free and comes with additional services. It also includes protection for the house help, the gardener, the cook, the security guard and the family. Also, they don’t need to point fingers because even the smallest jobs are done by the servants.

Transport – They are provided with government vehicles and drivers. Also more than one vehicle can be provided.

Security – IAS is the highest post in the civil service and hence danger is a part of the job. However, security is provided to them for the safety of the officer and his family. Also, STF commandos are provided for additional security in case of emergency.

Bills – Bills are usually free or highly subsidized. In short, it includes electricity, water, phone and gas connections.

Travels – IAS officers get highly subsidized accommodation in government bungalows. Moreover, the trip can be official or non-official – it does not matter. However, when they go to Delhi, they can stay in the state buildings.

Study Leaves – Firstly, an IAS officer can get study leave for 2 years. Secondly, they can also apply to reputed foreign universities. The government will bear the expenses but there are restrictions. Officers who have served for 7 years can apply for this facility. Also, they have to sign a bond stating that after returning they will serve as IAS for a certain number of years.

Job Security – An IAS officer has a great sense of job security. Because, it is not easy to get fired from the job of an IAS officer. If an IAS officer is found guilty, a proper inquiry is conducted before any decision is finalised.

retirement benefits

Lifelong Pension – An IAS officer also gets lifetime pension and other retirement benefits.

Post-retirement – Officers can easily be appointed to commissions after retirement. In addition, their services can be availed in other government departments.

Power of IAS Officer

Apart from the IAS salary, the officer has great power and responsibilities. Also, even though the IAS salary matches or is sometimes less than that of the private sector, the power and command are unmatched by other professions.

Firstly, the IAS officer has the administration charge of the entire district/state/department/ministry.

Secondly, many people depend on them to work efficiently and smoothly.

Moreover, they have the right to bring about a positive change in the society. Policies for education, health and the economy are influenced by them. In other words, the unparalleled power to serve the nation is unparalleled.

This post is much more than the IAS salary. Only an IAS officer can actively participate in the betterment of the country. To clarify, the combination of IAS salary and power is unique and impressive. So, one has to work 100% hard and keep the motivation alive to clear the final stage of selection. Above all, it takes years of attention and patriotism to become one.

IAS Exam Syllabus

It is very important to go through the syllabus before starting the preparation. Because nothing should be left behind. Prelims is an objective type paper, mains is a subjective test and interview is an oral test. The candidate is selected on the basis of main exam and interview marks. The total marks for the main exam is 1750. The total marks for the interview is 275. So, the student should prepare wisely. The syllabus consists of questions from many subjects. On the other hand, other exams do not have so many subjects.

The first paper of Prelims (General Studies) covers the following topics:

current affairs

Indian National Movement

history of India


social and economic development

Climate change



general knowledge of science


The second paper of Prelims (CSAT) consists of the following topics:


decision making



data interpretation

basic math

The Mains exam consists of the following subjects-

Compulsory Indian Language



current affairs



art and culture



social and economic development


science and technology


Optional Paper – There are 26 subjects out of which you can choose your optional.

Number Of Attempts

There are 7 attempts in the general section.

However, there is no limit for SC/ST

But, there are 9 attempts for OBC.

Interview Stage:

UPSC wants to test your personality and not just your knowledge. So, relax and read as much as you can about the happenings around the world to enhance your knowledge. As a result, you will perform well.


IAS exam is not easy at all. So a lot of hard work and focus is needed. Also you should focus properly on the syllabus. Apart from hard work, also pay attention to health. Indulge in regular exercise, get good sleep and also maintain a balanced diet. Also, follow the rules properly and be attentive. On the other hand, be aware of what is happening around you. In other words, you have to know everything. Do not forget to read the newspaper daily. Also, divide the syllabus wisely and focus on your goal.

The position of an IAS officer involves responsibilities and power. However, IAS salary is only a small part of a coveted post. The post of an IAS officer is much more than this. In addition, the order is unique and unattainable. Also, high profile jobs involve a variety of perks and perks. In other words, an IAS officer does not have to raise a finger even for small tasks. On the other hand, they enjoy a high level of respect and aura. Since they work for the nation, the Government of India makes sure that they are provided with the best facilities. A government officer does not get such allowances in any other department. This is because IAS status is achieved through unwavering focus and years of hard work.

In this article of full form of ias, we have shared the information with you with full form of ias.

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